Scientists at the UT Southwestern Medical Center and the University of Texas at Dallas revealed the outcomes of their latest research. They highlighted that a few species of bacteria live in bladder tissue of postmenopausal women who face recurring urinary tract infections (RUTIs). The results of this research can be accessed in the Journal of Molecular Biology.
The latest study represents the foremost systematic analysis of biopsies of patients in this population. The findings offer a better comprehension of the interaction between host tissue and bacteria. Scientists highlighted that this research might lead to more effectual treatment plans in the future. The reason for the majority of UTIs is said to be Escherichia coli bacterium. These bacteria generally live in human intestines. However, sometimes they get into the urinary tract, where it is not welcome.
On a similar note, a recent study disclosed the percentage of hospital admitted patients who get a urinary catheter. It revealed that in the U.K. this percentage is about 18%. Similarly, in the U.S., it is about 24% and in Australia, it touches almost 26%. At the same time, this research as well highlighted that the proof for the advantages of antiseptic meatal cleaning before catheterization to minimize UTIs is open to doubt.
Fasugba and associates carried out a cross-sectional, open-label, stepped-wedge, randomized controlled test in hospitals from Australia. The motive of this trial was to review the effectiveness of a 0.1% chlorhexidine solution for meatal cleaning to minimize UTIs and catheter-associated asymptomatic bacteriuria relative to normal saline. In this study, about three hospitals accounting for approximately 1,642 participants were selected. In the results, in the control period, there were about 29 catheter-associated asymptomatic bacteriuria and 13 catheter-associated UTIs incidents recorded in about 2,889 catheter-days. At the same time, during the intervention period, about 16 catheter-associated asymptomatic bacteriuria events and 4 catheter-associated UTIs in about 2,338 catheter-days were noted.